The Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) Heavy Gun Carrier is extracted from a C-17 cargo aircraft as part of airdrop testing at Fort Bragg, N.C. (Photo by Mr. Christopher O’Leary, Videographer, Imaging Branch, Instrumentation Division, U.S. Army Operational Test Command)

By Mr. James Cochran, Military Test Plans Analyst, Airborne and Special Operations Test Directorate, U.S. Army Operational Test Command

FORT BRAGG, N.C. — 82nd Airborne Division Soldiers are in the final phases of airdrop testing five configurations of the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) here.

The JLTV Family of Vehicles is a joint military program that will partially replace the High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) once fielded.

During the test, Soldiers from A Company, 407th Brigade Support Battalion, 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 82nd Airborne Division, rigged, airdropped, and recovered the JLTV’s on the drop zone along with the U.S. Army Operational Test Command’s (OTC) Airborne and Special Operations Test Directorate (ABNSOTD).

“Multiple configurations with both light and ‘up-armored’ JLTV models are air-dropped, then road tested to ensure they are still operational and fully mission capable after reaching the ground,” said Mr. Wayne G. Lovely, Military Test Plans Analyst, Airborne and Special Operations Test Directorate, U.S. Army Operational Test Command.

Soldiers from A Company, 407th Brigade Support Battalion, 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 82nd Airborne Division receive instruction on vehicle operation and capabilities as part of operator’s training on the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV). Theses Soldiers serve as equipment operators for the duration of the aerial delivery phase of testing at Fort Bragg, N.C. (Photo by Mrs. Rebecka Waller, Videographer, Imaging Branch, Instrumentation Division, U.S. Army Operational Test Command)

The test team is conducting 15 low-velocity airdrops of the vehicle — three drops per configuration.

JLTV air drop testing began with Soldiers taking operators and new equipment training by trainers from Oshkosh, the vehicle manufacturer.

During the JLTV operator’s training, paratroopers were trained in vehicle operation, employment, troubleshooting, and maintenance.

“New equipment training ensures paratroopers are adequately trained to operate the vehicle under test,” said Lovely. “Once testing begins, the paratroopers are capable of acting as both operators and maintainers of the vehicle.”

Pvt. Rylan Brown, a Signal Support Systems Specialist from A Company, 407th BSB, 2 BCT said he looks forward to his unit receiving the new JLTVs that will be replacing the HMMWVs this summer.

“I am glad to be part of the development of the JLTVs airdrop rigging, and would share his knowledge and ability to rig them with others in his company,” said Brown.

One ABNSOTD Project NCO in its Aerial Delivery Rigging Branch explained the importance of airdrop testing new Army equipment.
“Every piece of equipment Soldiers use has been independently tested and evaluated to meet current and future Army needs and requirements,” said Staff Sgt. Eric Danisa. “Air drop testing goes further to make sure equipment still works after airborne operations.”

The Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) General Purpose is suspended under canopy during airdrop testing at Fort Bragg, N.C. (Photo by Mr. Jim Finney, Videographer, Imaging Branch, Instrumentation Division, U.S. Army Operational Test Command)

“Operational testing is about Soldiers,” said Col. Bradley Mock, ABNSOTD director.

“It is about making sure that the systems developed are effective in a Soldier’s hands and suitable for the environments in which Soldiers train and fight,” he added.

“Operational testing is OTC’s opportunity to contribute to readiness; anything less compromises the Army’s ability to provide the forces that fight and win the nation’s wars.”

OTC uses typical Soldiers to determine whether the systems are effective, suitable, and survivable.

The Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) General Purpose is suspended and dropped to replicate the worst-case airdrop scenario of a test item impacting the ground during a Simulated Air Impact Test (SAIT) at Fort Bragg, N.C. (Photo by Mr. Jim Finney, Videographer, Imaging Branch, Instrumentation Division, U.S. Army Operational Test Command)

“”Every piece of equipment Soldiers use has been independently tested and evaluated to meet current and future Army needs and requirements,” said Lt. Col. Gregory Oquendo, chief of ABNSOTD’s test division.

The ABNSOTD works with test units to incorporate the system under test into their actual missions and training requirements, according to Mr. John H. Miller, Test Division Aerial Delivery Branch Chief.

“Leaders of units involved in testing have the first look at new systems, which may also drive changes to operations and doctrines,” he said.

“Tests are unit-led, which translates into coordinated control under realistic operational environment scenarios.”

According to Mr. Sherman Jennings, an OTC test officer in its Fort Hood, Texas-based Maneuver Sustainment and Support Test Directorate, a combined 58,000 JLTVs will be purchased by the Army and Marine Corps once all stages of testing are completed and the vehicle is approved for production and fielding.

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About the U.S. Army Operational Test Command:

Operational testing began Oct. 1, 1969, and as the Army’s only independent operational tester, OTC is celebrating “50 Years of Operational Testing.” The unit enlists the “Total Army” (Active, National Guard, and Reserve) when testing Army, joint, and multi-service warfighting systems in realistic operational environments, using typical Soldiers to determine whether the systems are effective, suitable, and survivable. OTC is required by public law to test major systems before they are fielded to its ultimate customer — the American Soldier.

The Airborne and Special Operations Test Directorate (ABNSOTD) at Fort Bragg, N.C. — whose lineage traces directly back to the original Parachute Test Platoon of 1940 — is home to the U.S. Army’s only operational test paratroopers, who conduct operational testing for joint airborne contingency and Special Operations Forces in support of the acquisition decision-making process. To provide airdrop certification of all airborne and airdropped equipment, ABNSOTD plans, executes and reports on its operational tests and field experiments, which impacts doctrine, training, organization and materiel.

Soldiers from 407th Brigade Support Battalion, 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 82nd Airborne Division participate in road tests and vehicle familiarization as part operator’s training on the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV). Theses Soldiers serve as equipment operators for the duration of the aerial delivery phase of testing at Fort Bragg, N.C. (Photo by Mrs. Rebecka Waller, Videographer, Imaging Branch, Instrumentation Division, U.S. Army Operational Test Command)